On November 12, 2020, the International Section of the New York State Bar Association (NYSBA)
hosted an all-day virtual conference on nuclear weapons and
international law. An exceptional group of experts in law, policy,
diplomacy, and advocacy joined high-level officials from the United
Nations and the United States to examine the application of
international law to nuclear weapons and policy and advocacy strategies
for control and elimination of the weapons and for ensuring their
non-use. Speakers examined national nuclear weapons postures,
international humanitarian law, human rights law, the UN system, the
non-proliferation regime, and civil society advocacy, including
A report on the conference is here, including summaries of the sessions with video links.
The agenda with video links, speakers’ biographies, texts of remarks, and a bibliography are available here.
Speakers included Prof. Osamu Arakaki of International Christian University, Japan; Hans Kristensen of Federation of American Scientists; Prof. Scott Sagan of Stanford University; UN Under-Secretary-General Izumi Nakamitsu; Ariana Smith and Dr. John Burroughs of Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy; Allison Pytlak of Reaching Critical Will/WILPF; American Bar Association President Patricia Lee Refo; Global Security Institute President Jonathan Granoff; Governor Jerry Brown, Executive Chairman, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists; Ambassador Christopher Ford, Assistant Secretary for International Security and Nonproliferation; Ambassador Thomas Graham, former Special Representative for Arms Control, Nonproliferation and Disarmament; Dr. Gloria Duffy, former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense; Prof. Charles Moxley of Fordham Law; Prof. David Koplow of Georgetown Law; Kathleen Lawand of the International Committee of the Red Cross; Laurie Ashton, counsel for the Marshall Islands in its nuclear disarmament cases; JacquelineCabasso of Western States Legal Foundation; Rev. Drew Christiansen of Georgetown University; Tom Collina of Ploughshares Fund; and Audrey Kitigawa of the Parliament of the World’s Religions.
Committee on Nuclear Policy, Global Security Institute, and the
International Law Section of the American Bar Association co-sponsored
and co-organized the conference with the NYSBA International Section and
its incoming Chair, Edward Lenci. Additional co-sponsors were
Fordham Law School, Center on National Security; Georgetown University,
Berkley Center for Religion, Peace and World Affairs; New York City Bar
Association, Committees on International Law, Military and Veteran
Affairs, the United Nations, and Cyrus R. Vance Center for International
Justice; and New York County Lawyers Association, Committee on Foreign
& International Law.
By LCNP Commentary and Analysis regarding UN Human Rights Committee General Comment no. 36; the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons; Human Rights, Democracy, and Nuclear Weapons
Available as download below
are witnessing a resurgence of interest in the application of
international human rights law to one of the principal threats to the
human future: nuclear weapons. A general comment issued by the UN Human
Rights Committee in 2018 finds the threat or use of nuclear weapons to
be incompatible with respect for the right to life. The Treaty on the
Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons adopted a year earlier is suffused with a
humanitarian perspective, protects the rights of victims of testing and
use of nuclear arms, and cites human rights law and the principles of
humanity in its preamble.
Committee on Nuclear Policy (LCNP) twice brought together leading
lawyers, law professors, and analysts to reflect on these developments,
in December 2018 and in May 2019. This publication collects papers based
on the speakers’ remarks.
Prof. Roger Clark of Rutgers Law, LCNP Executive Director Ariana Smith, LCNP President Emeritus Peter Weiss, and Dr. Daniel Rietiker of
the University of Lausanne examine and reflect upon the significance
and implications of the finding of the UN Human Rights Committee.
Bonnie Docherty of
the Harvard Law International Human Rights Clinic addresses human
rights aspects of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.
Andrew Lichterman of
Western States Legal Foundation explores how human rights discourse
could be a terrain for making connections between disarmament movements
and other movements for a more fair, democratic, and ecologically
publication is highly recommended reading for anyone seeking to
understand how a human rights approach can contribute to the abolition
of nuclear weapons.
please find below a link to a new international law journal by Weeramantry Centre for Peace, Justice and International Law of which Vol. I was dedicated to the role of India and its civil society in the fight for a world free of nuclear weapons. For the time being, the journal is available online only. The introduction has been written by Daniel Rietiker, who is a member of the advisory board of the journal, and the articles have been selected within a students’ competition among many submissions received.
The main editors of the new journal belong to a newly created Weeramantry Centre in New Delhi.
Please feel free to circulate and spread these informations in your circles.
On November 21, LCNP and IALANA President Emeritus Peter Weiss delivered the J. Michael Adams Lecture and Conversation at the United Nations. He covered a range of topics, from decartelization to decolonization to human rights to the illegality of nuclear weapons, and more. In the Q&A, in response to a question from LCNP Board member Jonathan Granoff, he recalled that the 1981 founding of the Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy was inspired by a paper on international law and nuclear weapons whose lead author was Professor Richard Falk, a member of the LCNP Board.
Japan Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (JALANA)
Japan Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms (JALANA) hereby expresses its views on the Hanoi Summit between Donald Trump, the president of the United States, and Kim Jong Un, the chairman of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) held on February 27 and 28 as follows:
UNHRC about Nuclear Weapons: The Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy analyses the Comment about Nuclear Weapons by the Human Rights Committee in 2018. The general comment No. 36 considers the threat and use of nuclear weapons incompatible with the right to life.
View the video of the discussion with the title “The Right to Life versus Nuclear Weapons: A Bold Intervention by the UN Human Rights Committee”
Chaired by Dr. John Burroughs (Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy), speakers were Dr. Roger S. Clark (Rutgers Law), Ariana Smith (CUNY School of Law), and Peter Weiss (Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy, International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms, European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights).
Learn more about the threat of Nuclear weapons here.
On 30 October 2018, the UN Human Rights Committee (HRC), which is in charge of the implementation of the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), has adopted its General Comment (GC) no. 36 relating to the right to life (Article 6 ICCPR). It is in many respects a remarkable document and a new example for bridge-building between nuclear arms control and human rights. In para. 66, the HRC considers the threat and use of WMD, in particular nuclear weapons, incompatible with the right to life and reiterates the duties of the States Parties in the field of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation.
The adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in New York, on July 7, 2017, shifted the paradigm in nuclear disarmament after more than twenty years of stagnation in the field. After biological and chemical weapons bans in 1972 and 1993, respectively, the remaining weapons of mass destruction will be banned once the TPNW enters into force. Even though there is considerable disagreement on the practical impact of a treaty for nuclear disarmament and international security, the award of the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017 to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), the coalition that was instrumental in the negotiations and adoption of the treaty, demonstrates the treaty’s significance and immediate impact.
For the 50th anniversary of the NPT  and the first anniversary of the Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty , Le Mouvement de la Paix commissioned to the IFOP a poll based on “French, military spending and elimination of nuclear weapons” in collaboration with French newspapers La Croix and Planète Paix. This study was conducted from June 22 to 25, 2018, based on a sample of 1001 people over 18 years, using the quota method. Such report had already been conducted in 2012 by the same institute for the pacifistic organization.